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20 Must-Have Succulent Plant Types for Your Garden


plants succulents types

Succulents are a diverse group of plants that are known for their unique and interesting characteristics. They are often associated with deserts and arid environments, but they can also be found in other parts of the world. They are able to store water in their leaves, stems, and roots, allowing them to survive in conditions where water is scarce. This adaptation makes them an attractive and low-maintenance option for indoor and outdoor gardening.


In this article, we will explore 20 different types of succulents, highlighting what makes them special and unique.



succulent plant types

1. Aloe vera

One of the most well-known succulents, this plant is known for its medicinal properties and ability to soothe burns and other skin irritations. Its leaves are thick and fleshy, with serrated edges and sap that is used for a variety of remedies. It's also great for indoor gardening. In addition to its medicinal properties, Aloe vera is also known for its ability to thrive in a variety of conditions.


It prefers well-drained soil and can tolerate full sun to partial shade. Aloe vera can also be propagated easily by dividing offsets or taking leaf cuttings. It is a stemless or very short-stemmed plant, growing to 60–100 cm (24–39 in) tall, spreading by offsets. The leaves are lanceolate, thick, fleshy, and green to gray-green, with a serrated margin. The flowers are produced on a spike up to 90 cm (35 in) tall, each flower being pendulous, with a yellow tubular corolla 2–3 cm (0.79–1.18 in) long.




plants succulents types

2. Echeveria

This type of succulent is known for its rosette shape, and colors range from green to purple, pink, and orange. They are also known for their easy care, simply providing them with well-draining soil and bright light, they are low maintenance, and they can also be propagated easily by taking leaf cuttings.


They usually grow on a stem, but some varieties remain stemless. Their leaves are thick and fleshy, which can be smooth or covered with hair, and also can be different colors depending on the amount of sunlight they receive. They typically flower in the spring and summer with orange, pink, yellow, or red bell-shaped flowers.



plants succulent types

3. Crassula

These succulents are known for their diverse shape, size, and colors. They can range from small, delicate plants to large shrubs. Some species can grow into large shrubs, while others are small rosettes.


They can thrive in a variety of lighting conditions from full sun to partial shade. They are a diverse genus with more than 200 species, so the leaf shape, size, and color can vary greatly. They typically bloom in late winter to early spring with small white or pink flowers.



succulent plant types

4. Aeonium

These succulents are known for their unique rosette shape, colorful leaves, and large clusters of flowers. They can survive in a wide range of conditions, from full sun to partial shade. Aeoniums can be propagated from stem cuttings or from offsets.


They can reach from small rosette to shrub size, with leaves that can be green, yellow, red, or even purple, and can be smooth or covered in a powdery coating. They typically bloom in spring and summer with tall clusters of yellow, orange, or red flowers.



plants succulents types

5. Sedum

These succulents are known for their unique leaf shape, some have fleshy leaves others have small and delicate leaves. They can tolerate a wide range of lighting conditions and they are also drought-tolerant. Sedums can be propagated by stem cuttings or leaf cuttings.


This genus of succulents contains more than 400 species of herbaceous perennials, characterized by their plump, fleshy leaves and clusters of small flowers. The leaves can be flat or round and can be green, blue, red, or even purple, and the flowers can be yellow, pink, red, or white, depending on the species.



6. Sansevieria

Also known as Snake Plants, They have tall, spiky leaves that can be green, yellow, or variegated. They are known for their ability to thrive in low-light conditions, making them perfect for indoor gardening. They can be propagated by dividing offsets or taking leaf cuttings.


They can reach a height of up to several feet, and their leaves can range in color from dark green to yellow, and some varieties have variegated leaves with both colors. They typically do not produce flowers, but when they do, they have small green or white flowers that bloom on tall spikes.



succulent types

7. Haworthia

These small succulents are known for their unique leaf shapes and textures. They come in a wide range of shapes, sizes, and colors. They typically form small rosettes that can be green, gray, or white, and their leaves can be transparent or opaque, smooth or rough, and can have patterns or raised bumps.


They typically do not produce flowers, but when they do, they have small white flowers that bloom on short stems. They can be propagated easily by leaf cuttings or by offsets. They prefer bright, indirect light and well-draining soil. They are also drought tolerant and can survive in a wide range of conditions, but should be protected from frost.



plants succulent types

8. Kalanchoe

These succulents are known for their large fleshy leaves and brightly colored flowers. They can be propagated easily by taking stem cuttings or by removing offsets. They are low-maintenance plants and can thrive in a wide range of lighting conditions.


They come in a wide range of sizes and shapes, from small, compact plants to large shrubs, and their leaves can be green, gray, or red, and their flowers can be pink, red, yellow, or orange. Some species bloom throughout the year while others bloom only once a year.



types of succulents

9. Graptopetalum

These succulents are known for their rosette shape and vibrant colors. They can be propagated easily by leaf cuttings or offsets. They are low-maintenance plants, can tolerate full sun to partial shade, and can survive in a wide range of soil conditions.


Graptopetalum is a genus of succulents that forms small rosettes, their leaves can be smooth or covered with tiny "hairs" and their colors can be purple, pink, yellow, or even red, and their flowers are small, star-shaped, and usually pink or yellow.



10. Agave

These succulents are known for their large, spiky leaves, which can range in color from blue-green to silver. Some species can grow up to several meters and develop a large rosette of leaves, with a large and showy flower spike.


They are drought-tolerant and can tolerate full sun and poor soil conditions. They can be propagated by offsets or by removing pups that appear at the base of the mother plant. Some species of agave are also used to produce fiber and alcoholic beverages, like tequila. They typically bloom only once in their lifetime and then die, but they produce offsets that can continue the plant's life.



11. Gasteria

Gasteria is a genus of succulent plants native to South Africa. They are known for their unique and interesting leaf shapes, which can be smooth, rough, or bumpy. The leaves are usually lance-shaped and can range in color from green to gray-green. They typically grow slowly and form rosettes, and the size of the rosettes can vary greatly depending on the species.


They are tolerant of a wide range of lighting conditions and can survive in a wide range of soil conditions, but they prefer well-draining soil and bright light. They can be propagated by offsets or by leaf cuttings. They typically do not produce many flowers but when they do, the flowers are small, tubular, and can range in color from white to orange.



12. Schlumbergera

Schlumbergera is a genus of epiphytic cacti native to the tropical forests of South America, that are commonly known as Christmas cactus, Thanksgiving cactus, or Easter cactus depending on the blooming season.


They are known for their beautiful flowers that can range in color from pink, red, and orange, to white, and typically bloom in the winter, which is the reason for the common names. They are low-maintenance and relatively easy to grow indoors, they prefer well-draining soil and a humidity between 40 and 60%. They can be propagated by stem cuttings or by leaf cuttings.



succulent plants

13. Adromischus

Adromischus is a genus of succulent plants native to South Africa. They are small and slow-growing plants that form rosettes of leaves, and the size of the rosettes can vary greatly depending on the species. They are known for their unique leaf shapes, which can be smooth, rough, or bumpy and can range in color from green to gray-green.


They are tolerant of a wide range of lighting conditions and can survive in a wide range of soil conditions, but they prefer well-draining soil and bright light. They can be propagated by offsets or by leaf cuttings. They typically do not produce many flowers but when they do, the flowers are small, tubular, and can range in color from white to orange.



succulent types

14. Faucaria

Faucaria is a genus of succulent plants native to South Africa. They are known for their unique leaf shapes, which can resemble the jaws of a tiger, hence their common name "tiger jaws". They are small and slow-growing plants that form rosettes of leaves, and the size of the rosettes can vary greatly depending on the species.


The leaves are usually fleshy and can be green, gray, or even yellow and can have small white teeth-like structures along the margin. They are tolerant of a wide range of lighting conditions but prefer bright light and well-draining soil. They can be propagated by offsets or by leaf cuttings. They typically bloom in the spring and summer with small yellow or white flowers.



succulent types

15. Conophytum

Conophytum is a genus of succulent plants native to South Africa. They are small and slow-growing plants that form rosettes of leaves, and the size of the rosettes can vary greatly depending on the species. They are known for their unique leaf shapes, which can be smooth, rough, or bumpy and can range in color from green to gray-green.


They are tolerant of a wide range of lighting conditions but prefer bright light and well-draining soil. They can be propagated by offsets or by seed. They typically do not produce many flowers but when they do, the flowers are small, tubular, and can range in color from white to orange. They are also known as "living stones" because of their small size and resemblance to stones or pebbles, they can be a great addition to rock gardens.



succulant types

16. Aichryson

Aichryson is a small genus of succulent plants that are native to the Canary Islands and Madeira. These plants are known for their small, rosette-shaped leaves and beautiful flowers that can range from white to pink.


They are small and delicate plants that can be used as indoor plants or used to add a touch of greenery to rock gardens or container gardens. They are best suited for bright, indirect light and well-draining soil. They are tolerant of a wide range of temperatures, but it is best to protect them from frost. They can be propagated by offsets or by leaf cuttings.



succulent types

17. Monilaria

Monilaria is a small genus of succulent plants that are native to South Africa. These plants are known for their unique, star-shaped leaves and small, brightly colored flowers.


They are low maintenance and can be used to add a touch of color and texture to your garden. They prefer well-draining soil, and bright light, and should be protected from frost. They can be propagated by offsets or by leaf cuttings.



succulent types

18. Jovibarba

Jovibarba is a small genus of succulent plants that are native to Europe. These plants are known for their unique rosette shape and small, brightly colored flowers.


They are low maintenance and can be used to add a touch of color and texture to your garden. They prefer well-draining soil and bright light and should be protected from frost. They can be propagated by offsets or by leaf cuttings.



succulent types

19. Dudleya

Dudleya is a genus of succulent plants that are native to the western coast of North America. These plants are known for their unique rosette shape and beautiful leaves that can range from green to red.


They are low maintenance and can be used to add a touch of color and texture to your garden. They prefer well-draining soil, and bright light, and should be protected from frost. They can be propagated by offsets or by leaf cuttings.



succulent plants types

20. Orostachys

Orostachys is a small genus of succulent plants that are native to Asia and North America. These plants are known for their unique rosette shape and small, brightly colored flowers.


They are low maintenance and can be used to add a touch of color and texture to your garden. They are great for rock gardens and can thrive in well-drained soil and full sun. They should be protected from frost and can be propagated by offsets or by seed.



Summary

It's worth noting that some succulents are toxic to animals and humans, so it's important to research any specific succulent before bringing it into your home or garden, especially if you have pets or small children.


In summary, succulent plants are a fascinating and diverse group of plants that can add unique characteristics and features to your garden and indoor spaces. They can offer a wide range of options for both indoor and outdoor gardening, with different shapes, sizes, colors, and features. Each one is unique and has its own special characteristics that make it special. They are easy to care for, propagate, and low maintenance, succulents can be a great way to get into the world of gardening and to make your garden or indoor spaces more interesting and diverse.

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