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Fiddle Leaf Fig Care: The Ultimate Guide to Fiddle Leaf Fig Care

This post is all about Fiddle Leaf Fig Care.

fiddle leaf fig care

Fiddle Leaf Fig (Ficus lyrata) is a popular houseplant known for its large, lush, and vibrant leaves. This tropical plant can add a touch of elegance and life to any indoor space, but its care can be a bit tricky for beginners.


In this article, we will cover everything you need to know about Fiddle Leaf Fig care, from light and temperature requirements to watering and fertilizing tips, repotting and pruning advice, and even how to troubleshoot common growing problems and pests. So let's dive in and learn how to keep your Fiddle Leaf Fig healthy and thriving.

 

Fiddle Leaf Fig Overview

Common Names

Ficus Lyrata, Banjo Fig, or Fiddle-Leaf Fig Tree

Scientific Name

Ficus lyrata

Family

Moraceae

Height

Up to 40-50 feet tall in its native habitat, but when grown as a houseplant it usually reaches a maximum height of 6-10 feet

Light

It prefers several hours of bright, filtered sunlight each day, but direct sunlight can scorch its leaves

Soil

A mix of peat moss, perlite, and sand is a good option

Watering

​If the soil feels dry, it's time to water

Pests & Diseases

​Mealybugs, Scale insects, Spider mites, Root rot, Leaf spot


Fiddle Leaf Fig Care

fiddle leaf fig care


Light & Temperature

fiddle leaf fig care

Fiddle Leaf Figs require bright, indirect light to grow and develop properly. They should be placed near a window that receives plenty of natural light, but avoid direct sunlight, which can scorch their leaves.


If your Fiddle Leaf Fig is not receiving enough light, its leaves may turn brown and fall off, while too much light can cause yellowing and browning of the leaves as well.


The ideal temperature range for Fiddle Leaf Figs is between 60 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit, and they should be kept away from cold drafts or hot air vents.


RELATED: Top 5 Best Grow Lights For Indoor Plants



Water & Humidity

fiddle leaf fig care

Fiddle Leaf Figs require moderate watering, allowing the soil to dry out slightly between each watering.


Overwatering can lead to root rot, while underwatering can cause the leaves to wilt and dry out. The humidity levels should be kept between 30% to 60%, which can be achieved by misting the leaves or using a humidifier nearby. The leaves of a Fiddle Leaf Fig may start to brown at the tips or edges if the air is too dry.


RELATED: Top 10 Watering Cans to Keep Your Garden Thriving



Soil

fiddle leaf fig care

Fiddle Leaf Figs prefer well-draining soil that retains moisture but also allows excess water to drain away.


A high-quality potting mix, such as a mix of peat moss, perlite, and vermiculite, is ideal for growing Fiddle Leaf Figs. It's important to avoid using heavy soils, which can retain too much water and lead to root rot.


RELATED: Dirt Matters: A Guide to Choosing the Right Soil for Your Plants



Fertilizer

fiddle leaf fig care

Fiddle Leaf Figs require regular fertilization to thrive, especially during the growing season in spring and summer.


A balanced liquid fertilizer with an NPK ratio of 3-1-2 or 3-1-1 should be used every 2-3 weeks. Avoid overfertilizing, which can cause leaf burn and damage to the plant.


RELATED: 10 Organic Fertilizers for Optimal Plant Health



Repotting

fiddle leaf fig care

Fiddle Leaf Figs should be repotted every 1-2 years to ensure proper growth and development.


They prefer a slightly larger pot with fresh soil to replenish their nutrients. When repotting, gently remove the plant from its old container, loosen the root ball, and place it in the new container with fresh soil.


Water thoroughly and keep the plant in a bright, indirect light for a few days after repotting to minimize transplant shock.



Propagation

Fiddle Leaf Figs can be propagated by stem cuttings in water or soil. Cut a 6-8 inch stem from the plant with a clean, sharp knife, remove the lower leaves, and place the cutting in water or soil.


Change the water every few days, or keep the soil moist until roots develop. Once the roots have formed, the cutting can be transplanted into a new container.



Pruning

fiddle leaf fig care

Fiddle Leaf Figs should be pruned to encourage healthy growth and to remove damaged or yellowing leaves.


Prune the plant in spring or summer, using sharp and clean pruning shears, and cut just above a leaf node or stem. Avoid pruning too much at once, which can shock the plant and lead to slow growth.


RELATED: 10 Pruning Sheers that will Give your Garden a Professional Touch



Troubleshooting

fiddle leaf fig care

If you notice that your Fiddle Leaf Fig is not growing or thriving as well as it should be, there may be a few things you can do to troubleshoot the problem. Here are some common issues and how to fix them:

  1. Lack of growth: If your fiddle leaf fig is not growing as much as it should be, it may be due to lack of light, water, or nutrients. Try adjusting the amount of light or water your plant is receiving, or consider fertilizing with a balanced fertilizer to provide the necessary nutrients.

  2. Yellow leaves: If you notice that the leaves of your fiddle leaf fig are turning yellow, it may be a sign of overwatering, underwatering, or nutrient deficiency. Check the soil moisture levels and adjust your watering schedule as needed. You may also want to consider fertilizing with a balanced fertilizer to provide the necessary nutrients.

  3. Brown spots or edges: Brown spots or edges on the leaves of your fiddle leaf fig can be a sign of over or underwatering, low humidity, or exposure to cold drafts. Check the moisture level of the soil and adjust your watering schedule as needed, and consider increasing the humidity around your plant by misting the leaves or using a humidifier. Also, make sure your plant is not exposed to cold drafts from windows or doors.


Growing Problems

  1. Brown spots: Brown spots on the leaves can be caused by a variety of factors, such as overwatering, underwatering, low humidity, or pests. To address this issue, you may need to adjust your watering schedule, increase the humidity around the plant, and treat any pests that you find.

  2. Yellowing leaves: Yellowing leaves can also be caused by overwatering, underwatering, or low humidity. It can also be a sign of nutrient deficiency or root rot. To address this issue, you may need to adjust your watering schedule, increase the humidity around the plant, fertilize the plant with a balanced fertilizer, and check for signs of root rot.

  3. Drooping leaves: Drooping leaves can be caused by overwatering, underwatering, or poor soil drainage. To address this issue, you may need to adjust your watering schedule, improve the soil drainage, and repot the plant into a pot with better drainage.


Pests

fiddle leaf fig care

Like any other houseplants, fiddle leaf figs are susceptible to pest infestations. Some common pests that can attack your fiddle leaf fig include spider mites, scale insects, mealybugs, and whiteflies.


To prevent and treat pest infestations, keep a close eye on your plant and regularly inspect the leaves for signs of pest activity.


If you do notice pests on your plant, there are a few things you can do to get rid of them. For small infestations, you can try wiping the leaves down with a damp cloth or spraying them with a mixture of water and mild dish soap. For more severe infestations, you may need to use a pesticide specifically formulated for houseplants.


RELATED: 9 Organic Pest Control Methods For a Healthy Garden



Diseases

  1. Root rot: Root rot is a fungal disease that can occur when the soil is consistently too wet, causing the roots to rot. To prevent root rot, it's important to avoid overwatering and ensure that the soil is well-draining. If you suspect that your plant has root rot, you may need to repot it into fresh soil and cut away any affected roots.

  2. Powdery mildew: Powdery mildew is a fungal disease that appears as a white, powdery substance on the leaves. It can be caused by high humidity or poor air circulation. To treat powdery mildew, you may need to increase air circulation around the plant, reduce humidity, and treat the plant with a fungicide.

  3. Leaf spot: Leaf spot is a bacterial or fungal disease that appears as small, dark spots on the leaves. It can be caused by overwatering or poor air circulation. To treat leaf spot, you may need to adjust your watering schedule, increase air circulation, and treat the plant with a fungicide or bactericide.


Frequently Asked Questions


Are fiddle leaf figs difficult to care for?

Fiddle leaf figs can be a bit challenging to care for, especially for inexperienced plant owners. They have specific light, water, and humidity requirements that must be met for them to thrive. However, with the right care and attention, they can make beautiful and impressive houseplants.


Why are the leaves on my fiddle leaf fig turning brown?

There are several reasons why the leaves on a fiddle leaf fig plant may turn brown:

  1. Overwatering: Fiddle leaf figs are sensitive to overwatering and may develop root rot, which can cause the leaves to turn brown and fall off.

  2. Underwatering: Conversely, if the plant is not getting enough water, the leaves may also turn brown and fall off.

  3. Low humidity: Fiddle leaf figs are native to tropical regions and prefer high humidity. If the air is too dry, the leaves may turn brown and develop brown spots.

  4. Too much direct sunlight: Fiddle leaf figs prefer bright, indirect light, but too much direct sunlight can burn the leaves and cause them to turn brown.

  5. Pest infestation: Infestations of spider mites, mealybugs, or scale insects can also cause leaves to turn brown.

To prevent brown leaves, it's important to provide the plant with the right amount of water, humidity, and light, and to monitor for pests regularly.


Should I mist my fiddle leaf fig?

Misting a fiddle leaf fig can help increase humidity around the plant, which can be beneficial, especially in drier environments. However, misting alone may not be enough to provide the plant with the humidity it needs. It's generally better to place the plant in a more humid environment or use a humidifier to maintain adequate humidity levels. Misting the leaves can also be beneficial for removing dust and promoting the health of the foliage.



Summary

Fiddle leaf figs are stunning houseplants that can add a touch of tropical elegance to any space. While they may seem intimidating to care for at first, with a little bit of knowledge and attention, anyone can keep a fiddle leaf fig thriving.


Remember to provide your fiddle leaf fig with the right amount of light, water, and nutrients, and be mindful of potential issues like pests and disease.


With a little bit of care and attention, your fiddle leaf fig will reward you with lush, green foliage and a touch of natural beauty in your home.



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