In this article, we will be going over everything you need to know about growing cauliflower microgreens. Starting with what materials you are going to need all the way to harvest. Cauliflower microgreens are easy to grow and have a deliciously mild, fresh broccoli flavor with a peppery bite. They also provide numerous health benefits. They taste great in soups, salads, and sandwiches.
They are also one of the most attractive microgreens to grow. They look very uniform with glossy dark green leaves and violet stems. Cauliflower microgreens are as healthy as their full-grown shape, low in calories, and loaded with vitamins and minerals. It belongs to the Brassicaceae family, alongside cabbage and broccoli.
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How To Grow Cauliflower Microgreens
Now that you know what cauliflower microgreens are let's get into the materials you are going to need in order to follow along in this guide.
You can grow cauliflower microgreens with just a microgreen kit and a pack of cauliflower seeds right by your window if you have a well sunlit window. If not, then I recommend you get an LED grow light. You'll also need a wired shelf to place the LED grow lights under.
Containers: At Least 3 growing trays
Growing Medium: Such as soil or coco coir
Grow Lights: T8 Grow Lights are the way to go
Misting Water Bottle
You'll only need to buy grow trays and grow lights once, after that you can reuse them over and over again for every grow. The only materials you'll need to buy again are the seeds of any microgreens you'll like to grow next and a growing medium such as coco coir.
First start with some cauliflower seeds, I personally recommend getting Cauliflower seeds from Home Microgreens as they have given me the most success. The seeds are fairly large, easy to manage, and you can sow them with ease.
Step 1. Prepare The Grow Tray
Start with 2 10 by 20inch growing trays, one will be beneath the other filled with water. While the one above will have drainage holes so the water can reach the roots of the microgreens. This will prevent mold growth and overall just make the growing process so much easier.
Do not add water to the one below yet, first grab the tray without drainage holes and fill it with coco coir. Then smooth out the surface and mist it well with a spray bottle. If you don't have a spray bottle then just sprinkle water over the coco coir until it is well moisturized.
To make the tray with drainage holes just get a very sharp knife and slowly poke out small holes, simple and easy.
Step 2. Add The Seeds
You don’t need to presoak the seeds. Just add the seeds on top of the growing medium, and spread the seeds evenly with hands throughout the container. If the seeds are not spread evenly this could cause overcrowding and a few other problems. So make sure not to add too much or too little!
After planting mist the seeds one more time with a spray bottle, do not top the seeds with soil, just place another container on top to blackout the seeds for 4 or 5 days. Cauliflower seeds need humidity and dark to thrive. Set your tray in a place where it won’t get too hot, or too cold. 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit is ideal. This begins the germination process. Then spray the seeds about 15 times once every 10-12 hours.
Step 3. Germination
Continue to water and check out how much the cauliflower seeds have grown each day. If they are evenly sprouted and have tiny, folded leaves, you can take the cover tray off for good. Once the roots have started sprouting out of the bottom of the tray it is now time to start bottom watering to avoid any soil from splashing onto the plants and to avoid mold growth.
To do this just simply grab another tray that doesn't have holes at the bottom and place it below the grow tray, then fill it with water so it can reach the roots of the microgreens.
Step. 4 Uncover And Give Light
After 4 days give your cauliflower microgreens at least 12 hours of light every day for the next 4 to 12 days and they’ll quickly grow tall. I recommend using a grow light, since growing them next to a window can cause your greens to lean and become leggy. You should water your microgreens every morning and evening. Ensure they are not dried out, but as well you cannot oversoak them. Ensure good airflow & low humidity in your grow room to prevent mold issues.
How To Harvest Cauliflower Microgreens
It's best to harvest them when you see the first true leaves. When a plant sprouts, the first two leaves are called cotyledons. The following leaves that come are called the true leaves.
This is usually 8 to 12 days from seed. Harvest the shoots with scissors or knife, and cut them as close to the growing medium as possible. And there you go you have now successfully grown cauliflower microgreens!
Washing and Drying Cauliflower Microgreens
Use a colander to rinse your cauliflower microgreens thoroughly under cold water. Dry the microgreens completely by spreading them over some paper towels and letting them air dry. You can also speed dry them by using a fan on a slow setting. Cut microgreens are best if eaten right after drying.
How To Store Cauliflower Microgreens
After you harvest your cauliflower microgreens you might be wondering how you're going to store them. Just simply place them loosely in a bowl or container and put them in the refrigerator.
What Cauliflower Microgreens can be used for
They are an excellent choice as a base for any microgreens salad or just added to salads. Because of their crisp texture, they’re also a great raw topping for sandwiches or burgers.
Health Benefits of Cauliflower Microgreens
Cauliflower microgreens are a favorite microgreen because of their health benefits; they’re an excellent source of sulforaphane and many other vitamins and minerals. The List of Health benefits include the following:
1. Supports Normal Function Of All Cells
Cauliflower is a rich source of choline, an essential nutrient that is necessary for the normal function of all cells. As a critical component of the cell membrane, it ensures the structural integrity and signaling functions of the cell. (1)
2. Supports Brain Development
Choline is also critical during fetal development, particularly during the development of the brain, where it can influence neural tube closure and lifelong memory and learning functions. Thus, choline is particularly important for the development of the hippocampus. Which plays an important role in memory and learning. (1)
3. Prevent Cancer
Cauliflower is also rich in sulforaphane, which has been found in multiple studies to suppress cancer development by hindering enzymes that are linked to cancer and tumor growth. (2)
4. Prevent Heart Disease
The benefits of sulforaphane also extend into the prevention of heart disease due to its powerful antioxidant activity and anti-inflammatory properties. (3)
5. Prevent Dementia And Alzheimers
Choline is also involved in the production of neurotransmitters that are necessary for a healthy nervous system. Those who don’t consume enough choline may have a higher risk of neurological disorders like dementia and Alzheimer’s. (4)
Cauliflower Microgreens Nutritional Chart
Cauliflower microgreens are high in Vitamins C, K, E, beta-carotene, and iron.
Other nutrition includes:
Brassica Oleracea Botrytis
Minerals per 100g of (FW)
Vitamins per 100g of (FW)
Lutein + zeaxanthin